Functional zoning

Functional zoning – meaning, description, types and regulations

Functional zoning is a land-use term. It separates the territory in different zones based on the predominant function. Urban planners strive to create zones that will prevent conflicts between individual activities in each zone as well as improved quality of live. Last but not least we need to channel the investments for better overall economic performance.

Types of functional zoning

The main types of zones are residential, manufacturing, services, multi-functional, recreational, green spaces, communication and infrastructure. In addition we can observe sub-variants of the main activities based on construction parameters or detailed variants of activities.


Master urban plan is the document that specify each zone, size and the maximum construction parameters. On the other hand detailed urban plans specify on property level the functional activities, construction parameters, access and link with infrastructure networks.